Armadillo animal

What is an armadillo animal :

The Armadillo animal is one of the species of mammals, its scientific name is (Dasypodidae), and it is mentioned that the term armadillo means a small armadillo since there are armor-like bone plates covering the bodies of these animals, which gave it this name.

The Armadillo sleeps in underground burrows for 16 hours during the day and goes out at night in search of food, new places of stability, and also for mating. it is reported that the Armadillo’s body contains shields, some for self-defense and some that enable it to turn around itself and roll in the form of a ball, but there are only two types of armadillos capable of completely turning around.

The Armadillo metabolizes slowly, and its body temperatures are low, which makes it more susceptible to the bacteria that cause leprosy, as leprosy needs a cold surface to spread on it, and in most cases, the animal transmits diseases to humans, but when the Armadillo transmits leprosy to him.

Description of the Armadillo animal :

The Armadillo animal includes about 20 species, the body of this animal is covered with plates consisting of 7-11 transverse stripes, and the length of the armadillo is up to 70 cm when measuring the length from the tip of its nose to the end of its tail, and its weight is up to 5 kg on average.

The Armadillo prefers areas characterized by a warm and humid climate, which means that it tends to live in forests and grasslands, hides in underground burrows, and then abandons them after a while to become a stable for snakes, rabbits, cotton rats, burrowing owls, the most characteristic feature of this animal is a strong sense of smell that makes it able to track up to 500 types of food.

The body of the armadillo has long and curly fur in the lower part of the body, as this helps him to feel what is passing over him, and it is reported that the young are born with soft and smooth skin that becomes firm after several weeks, and the Armadillo also has strong legs and sharp claws that help him dig, and he is able to jump from a distance of 0.9-1.2 m in the air when he feels threatened or in danger from predators.

The armadillo is characterized by its great ability to swim, as it is able to hold its breath for 4-6 minutes, and it is able to walk underwater at the bottom of streams, but when it crosses large bodies of water, it inhales the air vigorously to be able to float to the surface and then starts rowing to reach its destination.

Habitat of the Armadillo :

Armadillo species live in Latin America, and there is one species that has extended to the United States of America, specifically in Missouri, namely the nine-banded armadillo, and when armadillo animals are looking for habitats to live in, they must be with sandy or clay soils and are characterized by their softness and high porosity to make it easier for them to dig, make burrows, and search for food.

The Armadillo shies away from living in cold areas; this is because his body does not store fat, and his metabolic rates are low, which makes him unable to face the cold, which often leads to his death.

The internal body temperature of the Armadillo ranges from 33-36 degrees Celsius, and this temperature is low compared to the human body temperature of 37 degrees Celsius in Normal mode, so the Armadillo prefers to live in temperate and warm habitats.

Armadillo animal food :

The Armadillo feeds mainly on beetles, ants, and other insects that live in the soil, as the Armadillo digs inside the soil to search for its food, and uses its sense of smell to find it, and the Armadillo also has a long and sticky tongue that it uses to pick up these insects from the soil and the burrows in which it lives.

It also feeds on some small vertebrate animals, in addition to plants and some types of fruits, and the Armadillo prefers cockroaches, Wasps, scorpions, spiders, amphibians, small reptiles, white larvae, mammalian eggs, reptiles, and it is reported that it tends to 10% of its diet to fruits, seeds, fungi, and plants.

Reproduction of the Armadillo :

The female armadillo produces one fertilized egg when mating, as this egg develops to produce a different number of embryos that are classified as clones and genetically identical to each other, as this solves the problem of not being able to produce more than one egg at a time.

These embryos grow in the womb, which is approximately 4 Twins, and are connected to the mother by the umbilical cord that feeds them, and these four Twins are identical and of the same sex, and the Armadillo may delay the implantation of the fertilized egg for two years if it is stressful, then the little ones between 1-15 babies are born with small sizes and soft skin.

Armadillo animal varieties :

The Armadillo animal includes 20 species, it is a strange-jointed mammal and is classified as similar to sloths and anteaters, and some of its species include:

  • The nine-banded armadillo
  • The seven-banded armadillo
  • Armadillo the Great Fairy
  • Armadillo stark feeling
  • Armadillo the pink fairy
  • The six-banded armadillo
  • Northern bare-tailed armadillo
  • The giant armadillo
  • Brazilian three-banded armadillo