How to choose ornamental sparrows for breeding
It is advisable to choose females from the age of one year to four years, and males from the age of ten months to six months, taking into account the difference in the age of sexual maturity in the females of ornamental birds, as some mature early at the age of 7-8 months, and some are late at the age of 11-12 months and mating usually takes place in the spring.
The dwelling of ornamental sparrows :
There are many important things related to the dwelling of ornamental birds, as follows:
Cage location :
It is preferable to place the cage in a place where the birds can see family members and interact with them frequently, as the birds like it and feel bored and lonely in an empty and unused room, but avoid placing it in places where there is a lot of noise and sounds, this will cause the bird anxiety and this, in turn, may lead to health problems in the bird.
It is also preferable to place the cage next to the wall or in the corner of the room is best for the bird, as placing the cage in the middle of the room causes anxiety and fear in the bird because it has nowhere to hide from danger and you should avoid placing the cage near the window because the animals outside will make the bird scared, and also avoid rapid change with heat.
And for the height of the cage, should not be too high or too low, at chest level it will be appropriate. If the cage is too low, the bird will feel scared, but if it is too high, it will feel isolated and will not be able to interact with people. it is also preferable to avoid placing the cage near the air conditioning or from the heating hole because rapid changes in temperature are unhealthy.
It is also preferable to avoid placing a decorative birdcage in the kitchen due to gases that may be toxic.
The cage :
The cage should be large enough to allow the birds to move. Since too small cages make birds nervous, which often leads to behavioral problems. And the minimum size of the cage is one and a half times the wingspan of the bird in terms of width, depth, and height. These dimensions give the bird the proper space to spread its wings and move without damaging its wing feathers or tail.
Cages should be durable, with rods that do not bend, be equipped with Secure locks, not coated with non-toxic material or steel, and stay away from iron, wooden cages, or those that are made of toxic materials such as lead and zinc.
Keeping the bird’s environment clean is also essential for its health since birds have very sensitive respiratory organs, mold, fungi, bacteria, etc. can be very harmful as respiratory infections can be fatal for birds cages often contain food waste, droppings, and feathers and need to be removed daily.
Feeding ornamental sparrows :
Regarding the aspect of raising Sparrows at home, it is important to ensure that the bird gets a balanced diet and also to ensure that it does not get harmful or toxic foods is equally important, most ornamental birds are seed eaters, but seeds alone are not enough to provide them with the necessary nutrients, so processed foods for birds are prepared so that they contain the appropriate proportions necessary for birds.
In addition to seeds, birds need iodine, vitamin A, and calcium to avoid rickets, but with regard to fatty acids, linoleic acid is the most important of these acids, whose deficiency from the bird’s body leads to skin problems and poor feather growth in the bird and to preserve bones, claws, and beaks.
To ensure that the Bird receives the right and balanced food, make sure that there is the word “full feed” on the food packaging for birds. Some birds choose the part of the food they like, which leads to not getting a balanced diet, the breeder has to pay attention to this and make sure that they eat the whole food.
You can also feed the bird a small number of vegetables and fruits, but without exaggeration, because they are an additional source of calories, as well as clean drinking water should be provided to the birds permanently, it is necessary to put clean dishes with water in the hatches and change the water every day.
Breeding of ornamental sparrows :
Some steps that help facilitate the reproduction process:
A special cage for the breeding process :
The breeding Cage is basically two ordinary cages with a barrier between them, which allows separating the male and female when necessary, provided that each part of the cage contains food, water, and standing platforms in order to keep the birds at rest.
Breeding box :
The majority of breeding cages have doors that allow the breeding box to be attached directly to the cage as this is the box in which the birds will lay their eggs.
Here the eggs are laid, and the incubator provides the necessary heat for the eggs to hatch properly, but it is possible that there is no need for the incubator if the female (mother) incubates her eggs.
When the eggs hatch and the young come out, they need heat and moisture to grow healthy, which is what the hatchery provides for them.
Special thermometers and hygrometers :
Since the eggs need warmth to hatch properly, it is necessary to provide the right temperature for the birds, so you will also need a hygrometer to make sure that the air is not dry.
While young birds get the heat they need from their parents or are hatched, older birds need enough light to stay healthy.
One of the best ways to track the growth of birds is to measure their weight, as there are specially designed measuring devices for birds so that the bird can sit comfortably during this process.
Tips for caring for and training ornamental sparrows :
There are some important things that are best taken into account when breeding ornamental birds:
- The ideal meal for a bird consists of 75-80% bird-specific cereals and 15-20% vegetables and fruits.
- The ideal temperature of the environment in which the bird has located ranges from 20 – 25 degrees Celsius.
- Expose the bird to the sun daily to get vitamin D, which is useful for bones.
- Bathing is so because it promotes the health of the skin and feathers.
- Exercise and play with the bird for the benefit of its health.