German shepherd dog :
The German shepherd dog belongs to the series of large-sized working dogs that are distinguished by their intelligence, since this breed was bred in Germany, both for guarding and for caring for a flock of sheep. the German shepherd dog also needs an active lifestyle and is considered an ideal companion and protector.
Physical characteristics of a German shepherd dog :
The German shepherd dog is characterized by its fur, which resembles a double coat, it is thick and dense, and may sometimes be wavy, and its fur color is usually black, sometimes mixed with a light reddish of medium length throughout the year with the presence of some rare species whose color mixes between white and blue.
The German shepherd dog is also characterized by its height and huge size, ranging from 56 cm to 66 cm in length, which distinguishes it by its speed, agility, and softness.
Feeding the German shepherd dog :
The amount of food that needs to be provided to a German shepherd dog depends on its size, as the dog lives for a period of ten to 12 years, which is why it is important to focus on feeding it and sending it to the veterinarian to determine the size and number of meals that the dog needs, taking care that he drinks clean water and that it is always available to him.
Note that there are specialized companies for preparing food for dogs according to their types, on which it is possible to rely.
The average age of a German shepherd dog :
The average age of a German shepherd dog ranges between 10-13 years, he, like other large dog breeds, does not live much due to the stress to which his body is exposed, however, in a few cases a well-groomed German shepherd dog can live until he is 13 years old.
The behavior of a German shepherd dog :
The German shepherd dog is characterized by its dedication to protecting its family, its loyalty to it, and its observation of any questionable or suspicious behavior, especially by strangers, and although it is a pet with other animals, it may be dominant and assertive with other dogs, and it is indicated that the German shepherd dog is very intelligent and able to do a lot of tasks.
Behavioral problems of a German shepherd dog :
The German shepherd dog suffers from some behavioral problems that may result from poor training, or from health reasons, and the most important of these problems are the following:
The aggressiveness of a shepherd dog can be directed at strangers, familiar people, or pets, this behavior is manifested by snarling, barking, and even biting.
Chewing things :
It is a behavior that appears a lot in puppies and is caused by the desire to explore what surrounds them, and may be caused by the itching that accompanies teething, and chewing behavior can also appear in adult dogs.
Or leaving urine marks on the walls and surrounding objects, which is an instinctive behavior that the dog does to mark its own territory, to announce the desire to mate, or when feeling anxious, but it turns into a behavioral problem if it happens inside the House.
Separation anxiety from the owner :
This behavior can be dealt with by avoiding leaving the dog alone for long periods.
Destruction of property :
Some dogs express their loneliness by ruining furniture, dirtying the House, chewing things, digging, messing around in the trash container, and aggressiveness.
Hyperactivity the German shepherd dog is among the breeds most susceptible to ADHD, and it is advisable to consult a veterinarian to diagnose and treat this condition.
Exaggerated barking :
Barking may be caused by boredom, a feeling of fear, or a desire to draw attention, and it may be a symptom of a health problem.
Soaking in dirt and grime :
Dogs wallow in smelly dirt for a variety of reasons, including; their desire to leave their own smell as a kind of dominance or to mark their territory, and maybe they do it simply because it gives them a pleasant feeling.
Health problems of a German shepherd dog :
The German shepherd dog usually suffers from some health problems, which are hereditary in the breed, including the following:
Hip dysplasia. Dysfunction of the elbow tissue. Expansion of the stomach. Spinal cord abnormalities.
The history of the German shepherd dog :
The history of the German shepherd dog dates back to the middle of the XIX century, when a German cavalry officer named Max Emil von Stephanitz, after admiring herding dogs for years, decided to create an official breed of German shepherd dogs.to achieve his goal, he acquired a sprawling property to breed dogs in, bought a 4-year-old shepherd dog characterized by gumption, intelligence, and distinctive appearance, and renamed it by the name of horand von graffath.
In the same year von Steffans founded the first German Shepherd Dog Club, and horand was registered as the first German shepherd dog, and he held the inaugural registration number (SZ1), and at the beginning of the twentieth century von Steffans began to work on publishing standard standards for the German shepherd dog in terms of appearance and behavior and used his dog horand to produce a breed with the qualities he admired in his dog, and today horand’s blood flows through the veins of almost every German shepherd dog.
Von Stephanitz promoted the German shepherd dog breed as a unique service dog, and in the aftermath of the first World War he became famous as a war dog, and today the German shepherd dog is one of the most popular dog breeds in the world, and there is no phrase more expressive of its distinctive features than the saying: “there are wolves, there are dogs, there is a German shepherd”.
How to care for a German shepherd dog :
You can take care of a German shepherd dog by adhering to the following guidelines and tips:
- Keep the dog under surveillance to protect him and keep him out of trouble.
- Take care of his body hygiene by:
- Brushing his hair once a week, and daily during the molting period, which is repeated twice during the year.
- Brush his teeth at least twice a week.
- Clean his ears once a week.
- Keeping him in a fenced place uses the chain while walking to protect others from his natural predatory and stalking instinct.
- Exercise him regularly to maintain his activity and discharge his energy, and protect him from feeling bored.
- Pay attention to the quality of the food provided to him, and avoid feeding him food intended for humans.
- Adhere to the schedule of examinations and vaccinations recommended for dogs.