The canaries are easy to breed compared to other birds, and the female Canaries are also less expensive; because they do not sing, but in any case, good types of them should be selected for mating and take into account some other things, according to what comes:
Choosing the right birds for mating:
Suitable birds for mating can be selected according to the following:
- Choose small birds with good plumage, not feathers that overgrow and pluck.
- Choose good Canary males, which are energetic and constantly singing. Choose active females, which can be an incubator mothers, so that they can build a nest, put a straw in it, or she may lay eggs in open dishes.
- Be careful not to raise two male and female birds that have the same type of feathers, as if they both have soft feathers; this can cause infection or disease of feather cysts, and it is preferable to raise a crowned bird with another non-crowned, and soft feathers can be distinguished by their light appearance, while stiff feathers fill the back of the bird and have a darker color.
- Choosing a female Canary at the age of 7 months, and a male at the period of 9 months until reaching the first year; is the most suitable age for mating.
Choosing the right timing for mating :
In the countries of the Middle East, the mating period of Canaries begins from late February to early March and lasts until the end of July, and the period may be lengthened or shortened depending on the climate, as it is associated with spring.
The reproductive cycle of the Canary is highly related to light, it begins the mating phase when it knows that the day is lengthening and the night is shortening, so we should not expose Canary birds to artificial light during periods of sexual rest.
Because there are some breeders deliberately expose the Canaries to light, in order to get eggs faster, but this process is confusing for their body system, and therefore harmful.
The presence of the male and the female in the cage together, and at the time specified above, indicates that mating will take place, and then the male begins to tweet or sing, then he dances and swings from side to side singing and spinning songs and extends his head towards the female.
The activity increases significantly in the female through movement and flight in all directions, and she continues to clap her wings together even when she lands on the floor of the cage, and when she hears the courtship of the male, she takes the position of insemination, by lowering her body so that it touches the reed or the ground, and raises her tail and heads up, and this is an indication of readiness for insemination. When she is fully ready to mate, all the feathers are removed from her belly to her ass, as the female must be placed in the mating cage a week before the actual marriage to get used to it.
Necessary conditions for Canary marriage :
To mate the Canaries, certain conditions must be met, the most prominent of which are the following:
Provide a cage of medium or slightly larger size separated or divided into two parts.
The cage should contain a suitable bucket or bucket lined with burlap or feathers for the female Canary to lay eggs in.
Avoid mating in the plucking period; that is, the period of lack of Canary feathers, during which the latter is physically and psychologically tired, and cannot mate in it.
Provide a female Canary smaller than the male in age and size; so that he can control her during mating. Ensure the process of switching feathers; this is through the appearance of tail feathers and the completeness of feathers on the wings.
Ensure that the Canaries are free of any defects, whether congenital or medical, such as leg cuts, leg scales, or swelling under the feathers.
Dealing with Canary eggs :
The egg is taken from the cage until it is examined and found out whether it is fertilized or not, and it is placed to be kept in a safe place while avoiding scratching it, and when the female finishes laying all the eggs, all the eggs are returned to the cage so that hatching occurs together at the same time.
And before laying all the eggs, the cage must be cleaned, and the eggs returned so as not to disturb the female during the natural incubation period, which lasts 12-14 days, and there are some breeders who do not take the eggs from the cage and leave them intact, and since the presence of the male is not important during this period, it can be transferred to another female or left to help the female and her chicks feed the female while she is ovulating.
When hatching, the male begins to tweet loudly and remains in constant motion in the cage, and the breeder should not disturb the birds and take them out of their cages; as it may lead to the death of the chicks, as a result of the mother’s discomfort and not feeding her chicks.
The small Canaries depend on their parents for the first three weeks, and it is preferable to put easy and small food for the mother to feed her young, including boiling an egg for ten minutes and then grinding it for small atoms and putting it within the mother’s reach and making sure that the food is little and sufficient so as not to cause glut to the little ones, which leads to the accumulation of fat in her.