the wolf sleeps

How the Wolf sleeps

The Wolf :

The Wolf belongs to the order of mammals, the order of carnivores, the canine family, and is the largest of the canine species. There are three types of Wolves, almost forty breeds (under one species), but the most famous of all is the gray wolf, scientifically known as Canis lupus. Wolves are widespread in North America, Europe, Asia, and North Africa, and are adapted to live in places where temperatures reach minus fifty degrees Celsius, and they can also live in hot areas where the temperature reaches (48.8) degrees Celsius. In addition to the gray wolf, there are two lesser-known species of wolves, the red wolf ( which is scientifically known as Canis rufus), and the eastern Wolf, which is scientifically known as Canis Lycaon.

The gray wolf :

The gray wolf is characterized by long legs, large feet, a deep and narrow chest, a strong jaw, large teeth, and sharp senses, the length of the male usually reaches two meters, including the thick tail, which is up to half a meter long, and the height at the shoulder reaches (76) centimeters, and weighs (45) kilograms, while the size of females is only (80)% of the size of males. Gray wolves are often gray in color, as the name suggests, however, this does not prevent the presence of brown, red, black or white wolves, while the lower parts and legs are usually yellowish-white, and in general light-colored Wolves are common in the Arctic regions.

The red wolf :

The southern parts of eastern North America are the native habitat of the Red Wolf, an endangered animal, currently limited to a protected area in North Carolina. The red wolf is smaller in size than the gray wolf, has cinnamon-colored fur; that is, reddish-brown with some dark spots on the back, and has a wide nose, and large-sized ears. The red wolf usually feeds on small-sized prey such as rabbits and rodents, and a herd of red wolves can hunt large-sized prey such as deer.

The eastern Wolf :

The Eastern Wolf is a small to medium-sized wolf, it lives throughout Canada, and in the United States around Mississippi, as it was introduced to North Carolina, the fur of the eastern Wolf is light brown to reddish-brown in color, with some long black bristles that increase in density as the Wolf ages, eastern wolves individually hunt rodents, Sable, Musk mouse, collectively they can hunt deer, moose, and sometimes they may be able to hunt black bears.

The sleeping habits of a wolf :

It is known about wolves that they are nocturnal, they are constantly moving and moving from one place to another, and they can travel more than twenty kilometers per day while hunting; therefore, they need rest and sleep, Wolves are looking for a suitable place to sleep during the day, they rarely sleep in a burrow, or a den, and prefer to sleep in open areas that can accommodate members of the herd, Wolves surround the area of their choice before settling in it to sleep in the form of a ring, and the alpha wolf always has the priority of choosing the place where he wants to sleep.

A study indicates that predators rest or sleep approximately (30%) of the day to compensate for the effort they make during hunting, and regain their strength, and with regard to Wolves, they sleep when food is abundant simply because they can, but when food is scarce, they sleep because they need sleep, in seasons of food shortage, ten days may pass without wolves eating any kind of food, and during this period they lose between (8-10)% of their body weight, but they can compensate for this when they find food to eat and rest afterward.

Feeding Wolves :

Wolves are predators, they can hunt a lot of animals, such as mice, birds, goats, sheep, deer, moose, and musk oxen. Wolves hunt collectively, and often focus their hunting on easy prey; such as young, sick, or older individuals who have lost their strength, Wolves have strong jaws that enable them to easily penetrate the skin of animals and break their hard bones, and they are also fast-moving; their speed during hunting reaches (62) kilometers per hour, when wolves hunt abundantly, they eat as much as they can, because they realize that they may not find food before several days have passed.

Social life :

The wolf pack usually consists of (8-9) individuals, and includes the dominant male and female (Alpha) and their young; however, there are herds consisting of larger numbers of individuals that may reach (20-30) individuals. The herd is led by the alpha male and female, who have leadership skills, and the ability to organize hunts. Wolves live within territorial zones, the boundaries of which are determined by the smells they secrete, and also by barking. Wolves communicate with each other using some signals, they protrude their teeth with a roar as a kind of threat, raise their tail high to express concern or interest, lower their body and tail as a sign of submission, also flatten their ears and turn them back also to indicate anxiety, wolves leave the smell of feces and urine on rocks and trees as a message to other wolves, and they also communicate by issuing many sound tones; such as barking, growling, whining, whimpering, and howling. Wolves howl for various reasons, they howl to gather the herd for hunting and excitement, when waking up, when playing, as a kind of announcement of the strength and size of the herd, driving away and warning other wolves, as a kind of celebration, and for fun, as for the collective Howling, which consists of several different sounds and tones, it is believed that it aims to strengthen social ties between members of the herd.

Wolves mate between the months of February and April, and it is known that only alpha wolves can mate and have offspring of their own, the female gives birth to between (1-11) puppies; however, the average number of puppies is five or six in one belly, after a gestation period lasting almost two months, the mother gives birth in a den, a rock cleft, or a tree trunk, and the mother and some females breastfeed the puppies, weaning the young after (6-9) weeks of her birth, and begins to eat meat that one of the herd members chews it for her, and then several weeks later the puppies are transferred from the burrow to join the adults, all members of the Herd take over the task of caring for the puppies and teaching her ways of visual and tactile communicationŲŒ When the Wolf reaches the age of two, it becomes an adult, and it can separate from the herd and look for its own territory, and it may establish its own herd and acquire the right to is known about wolves that separate from their herd that they may travel a distance of (886) kilometers, and some young may remain with the herd and eventually replace the mother and father.