The fastest animals
When a simple question arises like: what is the fastest animal in the world The answer will not be as simple as it might seem at first glance, it is unfair to compare the speed of animals that fly in the air, those that swim in the water, or those that walk on land; because each environment has its own conditions, and each environment requires special adaptations so that the animal that lives in it can take off at maximum speed.
The cheetah is the fastest land animal in the world :
The cheetah Hunter (scientific name: Acinonyx jubatus) ranks first among wild animals in terms of speed, (the word means wild, that is, it lives on land), the cheetah Hunter is able to run at a speed of up to 64.8 miles per hour (29 meters per second), but its speed stands out only in short distances. it is known that the cheetah cannot maintain its speed for a long time.
The Hunter Cheetah is characterized by a cylindrical body covered with yellowish-brown fur, with black specks ranging in diameter between 2-3 centimeters, the lower abdomen is white in color and has no spot on it, the cheetah has a narrow and deep chest, a long tail ends with a large white tuft, it has a relatively small head, and high eyes from the corner of each of which a black line passes from the side of the nose down to the mouth, called the line of tears, and this line helps protect the eyes from the glare of sunlight.
The weight of an adult Cheetah ranges from 40 to 65 kilograms, its body length ranges from 115 to 135 centimeters, and its tail length reaches 84 centimeters, and the males of the cheetah Hunter cannot be distinguished from females in terms of external appearance, but males may be slightly larger, and their heads are slightly larger.
The fastest wild animal after the cheetah :
Here are the names of some wild animals that can run fast, but their speed is lower than that of a cheetah:
The American antelope Pronghorn (Pronghorn Antelope) has a speed of up to 60 miles per hour.
The blue wildebeest can reach speeds of up to 50 miles per hour.
The lion can also reach speeds of up to 50 miles per hour.
Thompson’s gazelle: and its speed reaches 50 miles per hour.
The rabbit is brown and has a speed of up to 48 miles per hour.
The peregrine falcon is the fastest bird in the world :
The peregrine falcon or mobile Falcon (scientific name: Falco peregrinus) is the fastest bird of all, although its speed during normal flight does not exceed 40-60 miles per hour, this speed doubles to reach 220 miles per hour (354 km / h) when pouncing, and what helps the peregrine falcon to fly at this speed is its streamlined body shape, pointed wings, strong chest muscles, and strong feathers that reduce friction with the air.
The peregrine falcon is the most widespread species of birds of prey, as it is spread on all continents of the world, and it inhabits open rocky places near the water where birds abound, and most peregrine falcons build their nests on rocky outcrops, but some of them settle the nests of other birds that build them on trees, or on high buildings such as skyscrapers. The length of the peregrine ranges from 33 – 48 cm and the color of its plumage is grayish-blue from above, but from below the color of its plumage is white, or yellowish-white with black stripes.
The number of Peregrine birds decreased after the Second World War due to the use of pesticides such as (DDT), and dieldrin, which caused a decrease in the percentage of calcium in the peregrine egg, which made it fragile, and more prone to breakage, but their numbers rose again after the Prohibition of the use of organochlorine pesticides.
Sailfish the fastest marine animal in the world :
Sailfish or Sailfish (scientific name: Istiophorus) with a speed of more than 68 mph (110 km / h) is the fastest fish. The Sailfish is famous for its beautiful colors, the body color on the dorsal side is dark blue, on the ventral side it is white with brown spots, and there are 20 stripes consisting of blue dots on each side of the fish’s body, and the fins are often blue-black, except for the anal fins, which are white in color.
The Sailfish is also characterized by a very long dorsal fin in the form of a sail, and this SAIL is usually folded down while swimming, but it is lifted up when the Sailfish faces its enemies to look much larger than its real size, in fact, it is no more than three meters long, and rarely weighs more than 90 kilograms.
The fastest fish after the Sailfish :
Although there is disagreement in some references regarding the speed of fish that are less fast than the speed of a sailfish, fish can be arranged according to their speed from the fastest to the least fast as follows:
- Swordfish have a speed of up to 60 miles per hour.
- Merlin fish and reach speeds of up to 50 miles per hour.
- Wahoo fish and reach speeds of up to 48 miles per hour.
- Tuna fish and reach speeds of up to 46 miles per hour.
- Bonito fish have a speed of up to 40 miles per hour.
General information about the speed of some animals :
- Here we get acquainted with the fastest animal among marine mammals, reptiles, mollusks, and insects:
- Speeding marine mammals are common dolphins and reach speeds of up to 40 mph (64 km/h).
- The fastest reptile is the prickly-tailed iguana (Spiny-tailed Iguanas), with a top speed of 21.5 mph (35 km/h).
- The fastest mollusk is the squid, and both the Humboldt squid and the jumbo squid reach speeds of up to 15 mph (24 km/h).
- The fastest insect is the Australian tiger beetle ( the Australian tiger beetle) which can reach speeds of up to 5.6 miles per hour (9 km/h).