Hedgehog animal food :
In nature, the Hedgehog is a carnivorous and insectivorous animal, and the following is a list of the Hedgehog’s favorite food:
- Invertebrates, as most of its diet consists of invertebrate animals, which include:
- Millipedes or two thousandths of men.
- A scissor insect.
- It usually feeds on carrion.
- Small birds.
- Small rodents.
- Bird eggs.
- Fruits falling to the ground from trees.
Hedgehog animal food :
As a pet, high-quality cat food is the Hedgehog’s favorite food when raised as a pet, because it contains at least 30% protein, and it also contains a small percentage of fat, up to less than 20%.
There are other types of foods that can be fed to the Hedgehog, which contain various elements in addition to the element chitin; which is the main source of protein found in the structure of insects, and from these foods the following:
Fruit: a small amount of fruit can be offered to the Hedgehog, such as apples, bananas, berries, and watermelons, but dried fruits should be avoided.
Vegetables: fresh vegetables can be offered to the Hedgehog, such as tomatoes, green beans, and cooked pumpkin, but you should avoid dried vegetables and starchy vegetables, such as corn, carrots, and potatoes.
Cooked eggs: boiled or scrambled and cooked eggs are a protein-rich food and a good treat for hedgehogs.
Cooked meat: a small amount of cooked chicken can be served to the Hedgehog, and low-fat and high-protein canned dog or cat food can also be served.
Live or dried worms meal: live or dried worms can be served to the Hedgehog, as they are a food rich in chitin, and a good source of mental stimulation for the Hedgehog and help him to make more movement and effort to be able to get his food.
Cockroaches: Cockroaches are also a chitin-rich meal that is good for the Hedgehog’s mental stimulation.
The Hedgehog and the Winter House :
The Hedgehog is classified as an animal that hibernates; it spends the winter sleeping in hidden shelters such as Burrows, piles of wood and straw, consumes during that period the fat that it has collected in its body during the warm periods of the year, wakes up in the spring, and is active in the summer, so it goes out to search for food and reproduce. By nature, he lives exclusively on land, but he can swim and climb trees when he needs to.
The Hedgehog animal and its nocturnal behavior :
The Hedgehog is considered an animal with nocturnal activity, hiding in the daytime hours under the leaves of plants or in the crevices of rocks and caves, and may live inside an underground burrow that it digs with its small paws, waiting until evening. Hedgehogs go out in the evening to feed and forage, becoming more active in this period of the day than others, however, at certain times the Hedgehog tends to go out and hunt in the daytime, and this happens especially after light rains.
Reproduction of the Hedgehog animal :
Hedgehogs breed between July and September, and their gestation lasts for about a month to less than two months, specifically 35 days to 58 days, and this period depends on the type of hedgehog, as hedgehogs represent a complete family of mammals that includes about seventeen species distributed into five genera (subgroups).
The female gives birth to between 3 to 6 babies known as (shoheb), she gives birth to them once a year, and the shoheb is when he is born without thorns on his back, and after the first week this shoheb opens his eyes, and he can eat after three weeks.
Morphological qualities of a hedgehog :
The Hedgehog belongs to the group of mammals, its females give birth and suckle their young, it is small in size, has small ears and a small rectangular mouth, its neck is very short, almost not visible, and its paws are also short.
The Hedgehog is also famous for the fact that the back side of its body is covered with several thousand sharp thorns to protect it from its enemies, and these thorns are hollow hairs covered with a layer of keratin, unlike the Thorns of some other animals, they are attached to the Hedgehog’s body and do not easily separate from it.
The size and weight of a hedgehog animal :
The Hedgehog is a relatively small animal, the weight of most of its species does not exceed 700 g.the heaviest species of it (the Western European Hedgehog) does not exceed 1.1 kg in weight, and its length ranges from 14 to 30 centimeters, consisting of several centimeters of its thick, furless tail.
Places where the Hedgehog is found :
The Hedgehog is a common animal in general, it is found in abundance in most parts of the continent of Europe, as well as in Asia and Africa, and has helped humans to transport it to many remote islands where it did not exist before, such as the Mediterranean islands and the island of New Zealand.
How to defend a hedgehog animal :
Himself, the Hedgehog is considered a highly defensive animal, and he begins to guard very quickly when any creature he feels dangerous approaches him, making warning hissing sounds, and bending his fork to threaten his enemy.
And the Thorns of hedgehogs (or, as they are called) are very difficult to pierce; the Hedgehog, when it feels the danger and the presence of its enemies such as snakes, dogs, and other large animals, resorts to balling on itself, all types of hedgehogs are able to wrap themselves around so that they protect each side of their body with their sharp thorns.
The Hedgehog pulls his tail with him with his mouth so that there is no part of his body visible to his enemy; it is much more difficult to pierce or eat this ball, which pushes most species of predators away from him.
Hedgehogs are able to curl around themselves thanks to a special muscle that wraps around their whole body, from the neck to the buttocks, and this muscle is located directly under the skin from which the hedgehog spines emerge, and when it contracts, it allows the whole body of this object to flex easily.
The Hedgehog feeds mainly on invertebrates and a variety of insects, in addition to frogs, Carrion, small birds and their eggs, and fruits, and if the Hedgehog is raised at home as a pet, high-quality cat food can be provided as an ideal food for it, in addition to other foods such as cockroaches, mealworms, a small amount of cooked meat, and boiled eggs.