Where does the crocodile live

Where does the crocodile live :

Crocodiles are carnivores that belong to the order of lizard-like crocodiles and live on both the continents of South America and North America, especially in the Dominican Republic, as well as spread on the continent of Africa, Asia, and Australia, and since they exist in many species, each species has its own place in which it lives, some of them live in salt water and others in fresh water, and it is worth noting that all of them can live on land or water; they are amphibious organisms, they also live in rivers, seas, lakes, swamps and estuaries, and one of their characteristics they are cold-blooded, so crocodiles live in the tropics of all the continents mentioned because It cannot produce heat by itself.

Alligator specifications :

External physical qualities of crocodiles :

Crocodiles can be easily identified because of their unique specifications; their body is covered with thick hard skin, long snouts, large size, short feet, strong jaws, and finally sharp teeth they have; they are also characterized by showing their eyes, ears, and gills above the water surface, while the rest of their body is below it, and crocodiles are predators, as they have a streamlined body that helps them swim with small feet that stick to their body while swimming in a way that reduces water resistance, which makes them swim faster, and their toes are characterized by they are attached to each other through membranes that enable them to walk in shallow areas, and use them in swimming to make fast movements And sudden.

Crocodiles also have a very powerful jaw capable of exerting great pressure on prey, supported by very sharp teeth capable of aggressively cutting meat with powerful claws, but surprisingly, their neck cannot turn around, and therefore they cannot move laterally, which is one of his weaknesses.

Internal physical qualities of crocodiles :

The heart of crocodiles consists of four chambers in addition to the presence of a diaphragm in their chest, and with regard to the size of their brains, it is small compared to their body, as its size is estimated to be the size of a human thumb, and it also contains the cerebral cortex, which is known as a part inside the vertebrate brain responsible for multiple and distinctive functions.

The size and weight of crocodiles :

The number of types of crocodiles ranges between 13-16 species, and their sizes vary accordingly; including small-sized crocodiles; such as the dwarf crocodile, 1.7 m long, weighing 6-7 kg, and large-sized crocodiles; such as the saltwater crocodile, which can weigh up to 907 kg, and it should be noted that the largest crocodile found by scientists was 6.17 m long, in addition to the Nile crocodile, which gained its fame and notoriety due to.

Crocodile food :

The diet of crocodiles consists mainly of insects, fish, frogs, lizards, and small mammals in wildlife, but when raising them, they should not be fed only chicken or meat, as fish and insects can be placed in the water to help them learn to hunt, and the food should be cut into pieces that are easy to chew, on the other hand, crocodiles may resort to eating stones to help them digest when necessary, as for small and newborn crocodiles, experts advise when raising them to feed them from one to three times per week by feeding her approximately 5% of her body weight, vitamins can be added to her diet for greater benefit.

Reproduction of crocodiles :

Despite their frightening appearance, crocodiles show complex social interactions when breeding. male crocodiles attract females in a similar way to other reptiles by trying to attract the attention of females by making various sounds that create vibrations that penetrate the surface of the water or by releasing bubbles. regarding the mating season of crocodiles, it usually begins in January or February by males moving their heads quickly and repeatedly to show the intention to mate waiting for the acceptance of the female, which expresses its acceptance by raising its tail and snout.

The mating process between crocodiles occurs in the water, then the female lays eggs with a weight ranging from 50-160 grams, and the number of 12-48 eggs in the nest on average depending on its size, age, and type, and the incubation period of eggs ranges from 55 to 100 days, this crocodile is divided into two types in their construction of the nest, the first as a Nile crocodile the female also stays close to her nest to protect the eggs from predators.

Conclusion :

Crocodiles are carnivores that resemble lizards with their tough skin, long snout and short feet that help them to rotate and move while swimming in the water, and they are widespread in the Americas, Asia, Australia and other continents and in the tropical regions specifically, crocodiles feed on fish, frogs and small mammals to survive, but the mating ritual then begins with the males moving their heads rapidly repeatedly waiting for the acceptance of the female who raises her tail to show her consent, then they mate and build their nests in the soil next to the river they lay their eggs with an average number of 12-48 eggs, and crocodiles are characterized by many specifications, the most prominent of which are: The thick, hard ice, the long snout, the large size and small feet, in addition to their streamlined body that helps them swim, on the other hand, crocodiles have four chambers in their heart, and a small brain the size of a human thumb, which makes them have many distinctive functions and intelligence.